Words, then, are not useful. Let us now enquire into their other quality, their positive quality, that is, their power to tell the truth. According once more to the dictionary there are at least three kinds of truth God’s or gospel truth; literary truth; and home truth (generally. unflattering). But to consider each separately would take too long. Let us then simplify and assert that since the only test of truth is length of life, and since words survive the chops and changes of time longer than any other substance, therefore they are the truest. Buildings fall; even the earth perishes. What was yesterday a cornfield is to-day a bungalow. But words, if properly used, seem able to live for ever. What, then, we may ask next, is the proper use of words? Not, so we have said, to make a useful statement; for a useful statement is a statement that can mean only one thing. And it is the nature of words to mean many things. Take the simple sentence “Passing Russell Square.” That proved useless because besides the surface meaning it contained so many sunken meanings. The word “passing” suggested the transiency of things, the passing of time and the changes of human life. Then the word “Russell” suggested the rustling of leaves and the skirt on a polished floor also the ducal house of Bedford and half the history of England. Finally the word “Square” brings in the sight, the shape of an actual square combined with some visual suggestion of the stark angularity of stucco. Thus one sentence of the simplest kind rouses the imagination, the memory, the eye and the ear — all combine in reading it.


Virginia Woolf. Craftmanship. BBC, 29 avril 1937.

Temps vertical

Comment avez-vous accordé le temps de la musique avec la temporalité théâtrale [dans La Flûte enchantée montée au Festival d'Aix ]?

Simon  McBurney : La question du temps, fondamentale dans le théâtre, a toujours été un paradoxe. C'est un art du présent qui convoque le temps de l'imaginaire. Cela implique qu'il peut suspendre le mouvement horizontal de la narration pour entrer dans la dimension verticale du temps intérieur. Dans Hamlet, le fameux "To be or not to be" de Shakespeare stoppe l'avancée de la pièce pour engager avec le public un débat autour de la question du suicide. La musique, qui permet d'exprimer publiquement le plus intime en soi, donne la priorité au temps vertical. Comme le théâtre, elle met en échec la tyrannie de la narration, qui a envahi aujourd’hui notre quotidien et les films à la télévision. Le théâtre est toujours un art politique.


Entretien avec Simon Mc Burney. Marie-Aude Roux, Le Monde 4 juillet 2004.